In a world full of opinions and possibilities, many books, journals, periodicals, notes, and letters, among other things, exist to fit the ideology of a certain set of people. However, we are likely to remember Karl Marx, the most renowned current political thinker, for the concluding contribution of his political treatise, the Communist Manifesto, when it comes to the notion of society being split into wealthy and poor.
|Name||The communist manifesto|
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The summary of The Communist Manifesto and PDF Download
The Communist Manifesto was intended to express the founding principles of the Communist League. It proclaimed the beginning of a classless society and the disillusionment of the modern bourgeois. The language is more of a dramatic call to action with rhetorical intensity than a statement of ideas.
Methodology: The manifesto ties the story of the creation of modern industrial production with the escalating social conflicts between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. It gives a flavour of Marx and Engels’ whole methodology, which is detailed in their jointly constructed German ideology. According to the prologue to the 1893 edition of the manifesto, the essential idea was that economic production serves as the foundation for society’s political and intellectual components and that the tensions and contradictions in this economic mode of production give rise to class conflict. Marx Engels’ historical materialism approach is based on the dominance of economics and class struggle as the driving forces of human history.
The Bourgeois Revolution: The manifesto is parted 4 four sections: the first recounts modern class struggle; the second describes the Communist Party’s historical role as the proletariat’s leader; the third criticizes rival socialist organizations, and the fourth issues a rallying cry to workers to unite and overthrow the bourgeois. The manifesto combines the real-life struggles of workers, which they would have observed daily, with a long history of oppressors and oppressed people fighting throughout history. The concept was that society has always been unequally created, with one sector abusing another’s work. The most recent iteration of bourgeois status, on the other hand, had a weird and strange quality to it. The first chapter presents a series of perspectives on the many stages of global capitalism’s emergence. During Marx’s time, just the first stages of this development were visible. The manifesto’s accuracy in projecting the rise of the capitalist production system reasons it still resonates with us.
The term “proletariat”: According to Engels and Marx, capitalism is like to a magician who has lost control of the power of their own spell. The bourgeoisie had created a force that would ultimately destroy it. Why did Marx and Engels believe that workers will finally overthrow capitalism? It denotes a particular bond between capitalists and workers. Workers who did not have their own money, many of whom had been evicted from their farms or forced to travel to cities in search of employment, were compelled to sell their labour to meet their basic livelihood. In 19th-century European capitalism, many of these individuals had little choice but to work in large factories, which was both tedious and soul-destroying. In these occupations, low pay and sometimes deplorable working conditions were the norm. Marx and Engels eloquently proved the tyranny of workers in the workplace. As their numbers grew and their concentration rose, workers began to see themselves as a unified and self-aware class with identical interests and political goals. Employees would be separated amongst themselves, competing against one another based on nation, ethnicity, or identity, according to the worry. According to Marx and Engels, the proletariat was a living and revolutionary class capable of overthrowing class society by seizing the methods of production and adopting a democratic and collective control over economic activity.
Class Abolition and the Communist Party: In chapter 2, Marx and Engels investigate the role of communists in the workplace and respond to various criticisms of their political agenda. They chose communism over socialism for a variety of reasons, one of which being that socialism was connected with middle-class bourgeois reformers who did not demand the working class’s self-emancipation. Marx and Engels believed that communists should come from the working class’s rank and speak directly to them. After that, they went on to explain what they meant by “harm to private property.” The problem with private property is that it exploits labour only for their more private money. According to the communist program, women were to grow as equal members of society, capable of fully participating in all aspects of social life. The ultimate goal of Marx and Engels was a classless producer’s association, in which the unrestricted development of one was a precondition for the unrestricted growth of all.
Socialist literature includes: Because many of these social groups are no longer well-known, Chapter 3 of the manifesto is the least-read chapter. Marx and Engels defined communism by advocating for a more comprehensive social and political reform agenda that included public ownership of economic assets and a working-class leadership role. While Marx and Engels shared many socialist goals, they saw their theory as based on the growth of economic ties, which would ultimately lead to a cooperative production system.
Goal: In the last chapter of the manifesto, there is a call to arms for all workers to join the fight against the present economic and social system. Marx and Engels emphasized the need for communists to collaborate with other progressive parties in order to alleviate the working class’s plight. However, they must remember that the bourgeoisie and the proletariat are at odds. The fundamental problem with capitalism is unequal social power, which results in private ownership of vast sums of money. As a result, communism’s goal is to eliminate private property in favour of democratic ownership and management of productive assets. Given its present popularity, it’s astonishing that the manifesto had little impact on the revolutionary events of 1848. It wasn’t popular until 1872 when it was reprinted and widely distributed. The manifesto asks us to consider our status in an oppressive society and to choose a side in the ongoing class struggle between capitalists and labour.